As a victim or a family member of a victim of a crime, there may be financial compensation available. Restitution is money that a judge orders an offender to pay after he or she has been convicted. The amount of restitution awarded will depend on the victim's expenses as well as the offender's ability to pay.
Reparations refer to financial assistance from the government for victims of violent crimes.
The difference between restitution and reparations:
Restitution is available only if the offender is convicted and the judge orders it. It can cover the majority of expenses related to the crime, including property losses, and is paid by the offender. Reparations, on the other hand, are paid by the government, not the offender, and are more specific to injury claims that restitution is.